HOGD Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn
This order formed in England at the end of the 19th century. Members believed it was possible to control the forces of nature with magic. Yeats, the poet, and Aleister Crowley were members. Crowley supposedly accomplished the ability to become invisible. Israel Regardie was one of the most important figures in the Golden Dawn. He published many of the rituals and magical material.It is the synthesis of mythical and magical ideas that were adapted from numerous sources such as: Fama Fraternitatis, Egyptian Book of the Dead, Cornelius Agrippa, Tycho Brahe, and John Dee.
Knights Hospitalers, members of the military and religious Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, sometimes called the Knights of St. John and the Knights of Jerusalem. The symbol of the Order of St. John came to be a white cross worn on a black robe; thus the Hospitalers were the Knights of the White Cross, in contradistinction to the Knights Templars, the Knights of the Red Cross.
The Knights of Liberty was a secret African American organization, reportedly organized by twelve black men meeting privately in St. Louis, Missouri in August 1846. They were also known as the Knights of Tabor or the International Order of Twelve. Their goal was nothing less than the destruction of slavery. Their plans are unverified, but it is likely they were planning to undertake some kind of military action.The Knights took the name Tabor from the Bible. Tabor is a mountain in northern Israel where an army of God's people, the Israelites, won a decisive victory over their enemies, the Canaanites.
The Knights claimed a peak membership of nearly 50,000, and they estimated that over ten years they helped some 70,000 slaves escape from slavery over the clandestine Underground Railroad. Apparently the Knights abandoned their plans in 1856 because they believed that tensions between the free North and the slave South were leading to a national civil war that would bring slavery to an end. Following the Civil War, the leaders founded a benevolent fraternal society called the International Order of the Twelve Knights and Daughters of Tabor.
KT Knights Templars (Masonic)
Since 1917, Lions clubs have offered people the opportunity to give something back to their communities. From involving members in projects as local as cleaning up an area park or as far-reaching as bringing sight to the world's blind, Lions clubs have always embraced those committed to building a brighter future for their community.
Today with more than 46,000 clubs in 192 countries and geographical areas, Lions have expanded their focus to help meet the ever-increasing needs of our global community.
LGAR Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic
In November 1886, the Loyal Ladies League changed its name to Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic and dropped the phrase, "Auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic."
Membership is open to female descendants , and legally adopted daughters, ten (10) years of age or over, of honorably discharged Union soldiers, sailors and marines of the Civil War, 1861 to 1865, ex-army nurses of that War, are also eligible to membership. The primary purpose of the Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic Inc. is stated in the Act of the United States Congress incorporating it. "To perpetuate the memory of the Grand Army of the Republic and of the men who saved the Union in 1861 to 1865; to assist in every practicable way in the preservation and making available for research of documents and records pertaining to the Grand Army of the Republic and its members; to cooperate in doing honor to all those who have patriotically served our country in any way; to teach patriotism and the duties of citizenship, the true history of our country, and the love and honor of our flag; to oppose every tendency or movement that would weaken loyalty to, or make for the destruction or impairment of, our constitutional Union; and to inculcate and broadly sustain the American principles of representative government, of equal rights and of impartial justice for all."
LOAW League of American Wheelman now The League of American Bicyclists
The League was founded as the League of American Wheelmen in 1880. Bicyclists, known then as "wheelmen", were challenged by rutted roads of gravel and dirt and faced antagonism from horsemen, wagon drivers, and pedestrians. In an effort to improve riding conditions so they might better enjoy their newly discovered sport, over 100,000 cyclists from across the United States joined the League to advocate for paved roads. The success of the League in its first advocacy efforts ultimately led to our national highway system.
LOOM Loyal Order of the MOOSE
Organized in Wheeling, West Virginia on February 14th, 1903, the Ladies Oriental Shrine of North America now has 88 Chapters or "Courts" in North America, two of which are located in Canada, and extends to Hawaii. LOSNA is an organization for female members related by birth, marriage to, or adoption of a Shriner. Each court provides financial support and assistance to the Shriners Hospitals as well as personal volunteer work. Annually, the organization is said to contribute an average of 1.61 million dollars and 365,400 personal hours of support.
LOVUS Legion of Valor of the United States
Founded as Medal of Honor Legion - 1890
Chartered by Act of Congress - 1955
The membership was never large and with the passage of years and subsequent demise of members, on November 25, 1918, the recipients of the Army Distinguished Service Cross, the second ranking Army decoration for extraordinary heroism, were admitted to membership. In 1933, members of the United States Navy and Marine Corps, who were recipients of the Navy Cross, the second ranking Navy decoration for extraordinary heroism, were invited to join the membership and the name of this prestigious organization was changed to "The Army and Navy Legion of Valor". On August 4, 1955, Public Law 224, 84th Congress, incorporated The Army and Navy Legion of Valor of the United States. With the creation of the Air Force Medal of Honor and the Air Force Cross, the membership invited the recipients of these medals to become members and on June 21, 1961, with P. L. 87-56, the name of this elite organization became the "Legion of Valor of the United States of America, Inc".
A complete source link list will be provided at the conclusion of this blog series in part 3.
Wednesday, August 18, 2010
Tuesday, August 17, 2010
The Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry is commonly known as the Scottish Rite or AASR. It is one of several appendant groups of the worldwide fraternity known as Freemasonry. (right)
ALOH - American Legion of Honor
Est. following WW I to assist veterans and their families. Also consist of American Legion Honor Guard which frequently marches in parades and participates in Military Funerals and honor salutes.
The Ancient Mystic Order of Samaritans is the playground for the Odd Fellows Lodge and members must be an Odd Fellow in good standing to be a member of the AMOS sanctorum. AMOS is involved in various community activities and projects, the proceeds of which go to charities in the local community.
AMVETS or American Veterans is a volunteer-led organization formed by World War II veterans which accepts honorably discharged veterans as members. AMVETS is one of the most respected volunteer-led organizations in the country that provides, not only support for veterans and the active military in procuring their earned entitlements, but also community services that enhance the quality of life for this nation's citizens.
AOF - Ancient Order Of Foresters
The Ancient Order of Foresters is a friendly society which was formed in 1834. The society is now known as Foresters Friendly Society, and has approximately 70,000 members. The Society was formed in Rochdale in August 1834, when over 300 branches of the Royal Foresters society (established in the 18th century) formed the new Ancient Order of Foresters.
AOFB - Angelic Order of Fairy Bells - no information found.
AOKMC - Ancient Order Of Knights of Mystic Chain The AOKMC was founded in Reading, Pennsylvania in 1870. Though it seems to have been quite popular in PA, it doesn’t seem to have made much headway outside of that state—it is not listed among the top forty fraternal orders in the world almanac of 1896 and probably had no more than 10,000-15,000 members at its peak. Like most small orders, it did not survive the Great Depression of the 1930’s. Virtually all jewels, medals, and pins from this order seem to be found in Pennsylvania. AOKMC medals at pictured right.
AOM - Ancient Order of Mysteries no info found.
AOUW -Ancient Order Of United Workmen The AOUW was the first organization to offer an insurance benefit. Founded prior to the Civil War, it provided a $2,000. benefit to the family of a deceased member. This was enough to pay off the mortgage and give rise to the saying "He bought the farm" as a way of referring to the death of a man.
BARE - Benefit Association of Railway Employees
1913: Brotherhood of All Railway Workers is founded on January 13, operating out of a one-desk office in downtown Chicago. 1917: The organization adopts a new name, Benefit Association of Railway Employees (B.A.R.E.). 1922: B.A.R.E. becomes a mutual insurance company, owned by its policy owners.
1923: The Company purchases its first home office building in Chicago's uptown.
1929: The Company signs up its first group insurance holder outside the railroad industry.
1945: The life insurance department is established.
1963: The Company celebrates its 50th anniversary and changes its name to Benefit Trust Life Insurance Company
B of LF&E - Brotherhood of Local Firemen and Engineers The Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen was founded on December 1, 1873, at Port Jervis, New York, to provide mutual support for railroad firemen. The Brotherhood initially emphasized insurance, but by the late nineteenth century had branched out into labor-management relations.
At the turn of the century, the organization changed its name to the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen (BLFE) after permitting engineers to join its ranks. In 1969, the union merged with the Order of Railway Conductors and Brakemen, the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, and the Switchmen's Union of North America to form the United Transportation Union.
BPOE - Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks
BPOEW - Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks of the World
The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks (BPOE; also often known as the Elks Lodge or simply The Elks) is an American fraternal order and social club founded in 1868. It is one of the leading fraternal orders in the U.S., claiming nearly one million members.
CBKA - Commandery Benevolent Knights Association
CE - Christian Endeavor A young minister, Dr. Francis Clark, founded Christian Endeavour in his church, Williston Congregational, in 1881. He wanted an organisation, which would help young people who had just given their lives to Christ to grow in their faith and to be trained for His service.
Today, the purpose of the Grays is to preserve the military heritage of Greater Cleveland, promote patriotism, and good fellowship. The organization is headquartered at GRAYS ARMORY (ca. 1893), 1234 Bolivar Rd. Membership is open to all men and women interested in military history. Membership in 1994 was 250.
CDA- The Catholic Daughters of the Americas is a national women’s organization dedicated to the Blessed Mother. CDA's mission is to promote unity and charity through fellowship and service. The Catholic Daughters support local, state and national charities, provide scholarships and perform charitable work.
CFUA - Croatian Fraternal Union of America Late in the fall of the year 1893, a young man of 25 years came to Pittsburgh from Chicago, imbued with the two ideas, first to establish a Croatian newspaper, and second, to organize a society of mutual aid to Croatian people in this country. The young man was Zdravko V. Muzina, who had been living in Chicago for approximately a year prior to moving to Pittsburgh, PA. Members signed up and began paying dues to provide life insurance protection, accident and health insurance for themselves and their families. The Organizationhas a long history of charitable contributions.
COOF Catholic Order of Foresters
Established in 1883, Catholic Order of Foresters is a not-for-profit fraternal insurance organization with more than 130,000 members nationwide. Operations are conducted in 30 states and the District of Columbia by a field force of more than 250 local agents who provide members with friendly, personal service. COF ranks among the largest fraternal life insurance societies in the United States. COOF's commitment to caring began in 1883 at Holy Family Parish in Chicago, Illinois. Back then, impoverished immigrants were streaming into the United States, seeking a better life. When tragedy struck and families lost their breadwinner, friends and neighbors typically collected money for burial expenses and to keep survivors from starving.
Daughters of America was formed 1891 in Bennet, PA as an auxiliary to the Jr. Order of United American Mechanics. Its first charter, issued in Allegheny County PA was in the name of The National Council Daughters of America. Although intended as an auxiliary organization, it did not receive recognition from the male order until 1926.
The eagle and stars signify Patriotism and the Holy Bible signifies religion.
DAC Daughters of the American Colonists, founded 1921
Any woman who is a citizen of the United State of America, of good moral character, who has attained her eighteenth year, shall be eligible to membership, provided that she shall be acceptable to the Society and shall be the lineal descendant of an ancestor who rendered civil or military service in any of the colonies prior to July 4, 1776. Legal adoption shall not qualify for lineal descent. Membership is by invitation only.
Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) is a lineage society that is a non-profit, charitable organization dedicated to patriotism, historic preservation, and education. The DAR was founded in 1890 by four women whose common bond was the fact that each had fathers or grandfathers who were patriots of the American Revolution. The founders of the Daughters of the American Revolution sought to create an organization that would "perpetuate the memory and spirit of the women and men who achieved American independence."
NSDAR and DAR are acronyms and both refer to the National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, and are used interchangeably.
DAV Disabled American Veterans
Formed in 1920 and chartered by Congress in 1932, the million-member DAV is the official voice of America's service-connected disabled veterans -- a strong, insistent voice that represents all of America's 2.1 million disabled veterans, their families and survivors. Its nationwide network of services -- free of charge to all veterans and members of their families -- is totally supported by membership dues and contributions from the American public. Not a government agency, the DAV's national organization receives no government funds.
DUV - Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War
Daughters, direct descendants, from Veterans of the Union Army who fought in the defense and for the preservation of our Nation during the American Civil War.
FOF - Fraternal Order of Firefighters provide assistance to victims of fire by supplying clothes, dishes, and other household items. It is our goal to educate children and adults about fire safety and the hazards of fire and smoke. An active member of the lodge must be a regular full-time firefighter engaged in regular firefighting for a municipality, city, town, county, state or federal agency from which he or she receives compensation. Active members are allowed to vote in the proceedings of the Lodge, receives a $7500 life insurance policy, and a key to the Lodge to use at any time. Active membership is $15.00 a month.
FOO - Fraternal Order Orioles The Fraternal Order Orioles is a social organization that was organized in August 1910. It is comprised of men and women who want to make a difference in their respective communities by serving the community in a variety of ways. On the local level, Nests and Auxiliaries sponsor various fund raising events for members and their families; provide food for the needy during the holidays; support local projects, such as the YMCA/YWCA, rehabilitation centers, hospice care, etc.; award scholarships to members or their immediate family members so they can continue their education; as well as participate in many other functions.
FOP - Fraternal Order of Police The Fraternal Order of Police is the world's largest organization of sworn law enforcement officers, with more than 325,000 members in more than 2,100 lodges.
By 1890, it had almost half a million members; in 1949, the six surviving members permanently concluded its activities.
Founded in Decatur, Illinois on April 6, 1866 by Benjamin F. Stephenson, membership was limited to honorably discharged veterans of the Union Army, Navy, Marine Corps or the Revenue Cutter Service who had served between April 12, 1861 and April 9, 1865.
The objects of the order are: To bring together (a) Wives, Widows, Mothers, Sisters, Daughters of Clansmen of the Order of Scottish Clans; (b) Women born in Scotland; (c) Women tracing Scottish descent from a grandparent or great-grandparent; (d) Daughters of members of Scottish descent; (e) Legally adopted Daughters of members of the Daughters of Scotia and Clansmen; (f) Step-Daughters of members of the Daughters of Scotia and Clansmen (g) Mothers of Daughters (the latter born in Scotland) members of our Order; 'A wife whose husband is of Scottish descent, whether he is a Clansman, or not.'